Spain has been a useful but low-key contributor to the mission in Afghanistan. It has undertaken valuable civilian work, but its military role has been more circumscribed.
At the end of 2009 events are shifting in the Balkans. Judy Batt examines somes of the important decisions the EU will need to take in 2010 to ensure that the region does not slide back into conflict.
The US and UK Armed Forces have learned the painful lessons of their limited engagement in Afghanistan and Iraq, and are now prepared to assume wide-ranging humanitarian and reconstruction tasks.
The country continues to show no clear signs of reconciliation and there is a lack of commitment to the process of EU accession.