The EU has failed to use either the European Neighbourhood Policy or the Eastern Partnership to leverage reform in Armenia. Armenia saw its inclusion in the Eastern Partnership as a path to gaining EU membership and a way of resolving ongoing problems with its neighbours. However the EU is neither actively involved in conflict resolution nor strongly committed to closer political integration with its Eastern partners. The EU needs to upgrade its political engagement with Armenia in order to head off probable instability. Armenians look to the EU for a role in promoting democratic progress, conflict resolution and support for civil society.