The EU's response to the Arab spring includes some promising new policy developments. Now, deliberation is required on the longer-term dynamics between Europe and the Middle East. Five different types of governance are possible: Euro-Mediterranean governance; EU exported governance; cosmopolitan governance; strategic recalibration; and de-Europeanised governance. The EU's immediate response to the Arab revolts must not lock in an undue reliance on the first two models. Trends point towards a plurality of governance dynamics, less centred on EU institutional forms.