BA in Economic Sciences by the University of London and MA in International Economy by the University of Surrey. He worked as Editor of The Economist in London and as an Economist at the World Bank in Washington, D.C.
He has been Adviser for Leasefactor in Lisbon; member of the Club de Coyuntura; Chairman of the European Council of Economists; member of the Editorial Board of España Económica; Director of Moneda y Crédito; member of the Spanish Association of Finance Executives; Adviser for the World Bank; Lecturer of Economics at the Escuela de Organización Industrial; member of the Institute of Economic Studies; member of the Economic Committee of the CEOE; Chairman of the UNICE Working Group on Political Economy and Chairman of the UNICE Ecofin Committee. He has been member of the European Economic and Social Committee.
He has also held several posts at the Banco Hispano Americano of Madrid, such as Planning Adviser, Marketing Director, Studies Director, Head Economist, Secretary of the Directorate and Director-General. He is a Consultant of Batt & Partners in the United Kingdom and he has been consultor of the European Economic and Social Committee.
He has edited for FRIDE the book, "La Unión Europea ante su ampliación".
He is member of the Advisory Committee of FRIDE.