EU-Central Asia Monitoring programme

Uncharted waters: Presidential successions in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

By Jos Boonstra, Marlène Laruelle (10/04/2014) Policy Brief

President Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan and counterpart Karimov of Uzbekistan have established and maintained a firm grip on their countries, but have not indicated who might succeed them in the future. Both processes will depend to a large degree on the redistribution of economic resources among political and business elites.


Is the EU downscaling political engagement in Central Asia?

By Jos Boonstra (27/02/2014) Commentary

As of 1 March 2014, the EU will no longer have a EUSR to Central Asia. Ambassador Patricia Flor who has fulfilled the role since June 2012 has been recalled to Berlin and she will not be replaced. Instead, the EEAS is likely to appoint a special envoy to the region. As an EEAS staff member, an envoy will have less political clout with Central Asian leaders and in broader political processes than an EUSR who is appointed by the Council of the EU on behalf of member states.


International Coordination of Water Sector Initiatives in Central Asia

By Tatjana Lipiäinen, Jeremy Smith (02/12/2013) Working Paper
AudreyH/Flickr

Water resources and their management are a key policy area for Central Asian republics, as well as for international donors. The range of issues and approaches involved, the multitude of donors, and the lack of cooperation among Central Asian governments make coordination in this area a complex challenge.


Trading values with Kazakhstan

By Vera Axyonova, Tika Tsertsvadze (03/09/2013) Policy Brief
Flickr-European External Action Service EEAS

EU-Kazakhstan relations have moved to a new level, reflected in talks on an enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Will the focus lie on trade and investment or also include clearer prescriptions on human rights and democracy?


Mapping EU development aid to Central Asia

By Jos Boonstra, Tika Tsertsvadze (22/07/2013) Other publications
Sebastien Bertrand/Flickr

This collection of factsheets provides an overview of EU aid to Central Asia (2007-13). The information offers a succinct description of EU funding instruments followed by specific regional and national EU allocations to Central Asia.


EU-US cooperation in Central Asia

By Jos Boonstra, Marlène Laruelle (04/07/2013) Policy Brief
Open Democracy/Flickr

The EU and the US have many shared interests in Central Asia, but follow different approaches. While they converge around issues such as human rights, democratic development, and stability and security, divergences spring above all from their differing geopolitical positioning throughout the world.


Norway and Central Asia

By Kristin Fjaestad, Indra Overland (04/07/2013) Policy Brief
Alexander Ottesen

EUCAM has launched a new policy brief series. Whereas the European Union has consolidated its approach to Central Asia, many European countries (including non-EU members) have developed national policies towards Central Asia or particular countries in the region. The 'European National Policy Series' seeks to map the policies of European states towards Central Asia in the fields of politics and values, trade and energy, security; and developing assistance.


EUCAM essay competition

By Svetlana Dzardanova, Saipira Furstenberg, Rashid Gabdulhakov (04/07/2013) Other publications
Maxim Zolotukhin / World Bank

FRIDE’s EUCAM programme invited students, young researchers, and scholars from Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to write an essay on Europe in Central Asia. We congratulate Svetlana Dzardanova, Saipira Furstenberg and Rashid Gabdulhakov for their excellent essays.


Security Sector Reform in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: what role for Europe?

By Vera Axyonova, Jos Boonstra, Erica Marat (23/05/2013) Working Paper
Myxabyxe/Flickr

The security sectors of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are corrupt, lack democratic control and can even be a threat to the population. Security sector reform is urgently needed but not always welcome. How can Europe help?


Sweden and Central Asia

By Jibecke Joensson (06/05/2013) Policy Brief
Christian Gidlöf

EUCAM has launched a new policy brief series. Whereas the European Union has consolidated its approach to Central Asia, many European countries (including non-EU members) have developed national policies towards Central Asia or particular countries in the region. The 'European National Policy Series' seeks to map the policies of European states towards Central Asia in the fields of politics and values, trade and energy, security; and developing assistance.


Greece and Central Asia

By Ioanna-Nikoletta Zyga (03/05/2013) Policy Brief
Theron LaBounty/Flickr

EUCAM has launched a new policy brief series. Whereas the European Union has consolidated its approach to Central Asia, many European countries (including non-EU members) have developed national policies towards Central Asia or particular countries in the region. The 'European National Policy Series' seeks to map the policies of European states towards Central Asia in the fields of politics and values, trade and energy, security; and developing assistance.


Belgium-Luxembourg and Central Asia

By Fabienne Bossuyt (25/03/2013) Policy Brief
Neil Thompson/Flickr

EUCAM has launched a new policy brief series. Whereas the European Union has consolidated its approach to Central Asia, many European countries (including non-EU members) have developed national policies towards Central Asia or particular countries in the region. The 'European National Policy Series' seeks to map the policies of European states towards Central Asia in the fields of politics and values, trade and energy, security; and developing assistance.


Romania and Central Asia

By Georgiana Marin (24/03/2013) Policy Brief
Camil Ghircoias/Flickr

EUCAM has launched a new policy brief series. Whereas the European Union has consolidated its approach to Central Asia, many European countries (including non-EU members) have developed national policies towards Central Asia or particular countries in the region. The 'European National Policy Series' seeks to map the policies of European states towards Central Asia in the fields of politics and values, trade and energy, security; and developing assistance.


The Baltic states and Central Asia

By Anete Jēkabsone (22/03/2013) Policy Brief
Set Keung Lo/Flickr

EUCAM has launched a new policy brief series. Whereas the European Union has consolidated its approach to Central Asia, many European countries (including non-EU members) have developed national policies towards Central Asia or particular countries in the region. The 'European National Policy Series' seeks to map the policies of European states towards Central Asia in the fields of politics and values, trade and energy, security; and developing assistance.


The EU Education Initiative for Central Asia five years on: lessons learnt?

By Vera Axyonova (11/03/2013) Policy Brief
World Bank Photo Collection/Flickr

The EU has signalled education as a priority for its support to Central Asia. Specific activities include attempts to establish regular regional and bilateral dialogues; assistance in reforming higher and vocational education; programmes to facilitate academic exchanges; and e-networking.


The Afghanistan-Central Asia relationship: What role for the EU?

By Vera Axyonova, Marlène Laruelle, Sébastien Peyrouse (12/02/2013) Working Paper
Johannes Zielcke/Flickr

As the 2014 NATO drawdown from Afghanistan approaches, how is the Central Asia-Afghanistan relationship developing, and what role can the EU take in fostering regional dynamics?


The EU’s humanitarian aid and civil protection policy in Central Asia: Past crises and emergencies to come

By Bruno de Cordier (22/01/2013) Policy Brief
Christophe Chenevier/Flickr

EU humanitarian assistance to Central Asia is often overlooked as an essential ingredient of EU policy towards Central Asia. 


Thinking security, doing development? The security-development nexus in European policies towards Tajikistan

By Jos Boonstra, Natalia Shapovalova (21/12/2012) Working Paper
Chris Price/Flickr

Tajikistan is a poor and underdeveloped country that is partly dependent on external donor support. The country faces a series of threats to its stability. How do European donors approach Tajikistan and can this approach be seen as part of a security-development nexus?


The EU Needs a New Central Asia Strategy

By Neil Melvin (31/10/2012) Policy Brief
TPCOM/Flickr

Five years after the launch of the EU Strategy for Central Asia, most of the Strategy’s original goals have not been achieved. If the EU is to emerge as a significant player in this important region, it should build its strategy around what it does best: promoting liberal-democratic forms of modernisation and comprehensive approaches to security.


OSCE Police Reform Programmes in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: Past Constraints and Future Opportunities

By Erica Marat (31/10/2012) Policy Brief
Blandm/Flickr

The OSCE and other donors have been actively engaged in assisting Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in police reform. But the reform process has been slow and has failed to meet donor expectations.


US Central Asia policy: Still American Mars versus European Venus?

By Marlène Laruelle (24/09/2012) Policy Brief
Nasahqphoto/Flickr

As the EU, the United States does not consider Eurasia as its main foreign policy focus and will continue to embed Central Asia within a more global agenda. However, in contrast to the European approach, the United States’ new emphasis on its strategic interests in the Asia-Pacific region and the maintenance of the focus on a ‘greater Middle-East’, as defined in the new US Defense Strategic Review, confirms that the relationship to China and South Asia will be a key element in the American reading of Central Asia’s future.


European National Policies Series

By (16/07/2012) Policy Brief

Eurasianmap
EUCAM has launched a new policy brief series. Whereas the European Union has consolidated its approach to Central Asia, many European countries (including non-EU members) have developed national policies towards Central Asia or particular countries in the region.


Mongolia's Quest for Third Neighbours. Why the European Union?

By Jarghalsaikan Mendee (11/07/2012) Policy Brief
Erdenebulgan.B/Flickr

Mongolia is of increasing interest to the European Union because of its democratisation, its impressive economic growth and its substantial contributions to peace and security. The EU should consider including Mongolia in its Strategy for Central Asia.


Ten tasks for the EU in Central Asia

By Jos Boonstra, EUCAM Team (26/06/2012) Policy Brief
olaf kellerhoff/Flickr

The EU has a new Special Representative for Central Asia. The appointment of Patricia Flor from Germany was announced on 18 June. EUCAM proposes ten areas on which the new EUSR should focus, to make her mark in Central Asia.


Democracy in Central Asia: Sowing in unfertile fields?

By Jos Boonstra (16/05/2012) Policy Brief
World Bank Photo Collection/Flickr

International support for democracy has had little impact in Central Asia and has become a secondary objective after human rights monitoring and promoting rule of law reform. Is Central Asia a no-go area for democracy promoters or are there any entry points?


Security and development in Central Asia

By Jos Boonstra, Marlène Laruelle, Sébastien Peyrouse (08/05/2012) Working Paper
NATO

China and Russia are the most influential external actors in Central Asia, while the EU has substantially increased its activity and presence in the region since 2007.


EU Human Rights and Democratisation Assistance to Central Asia

By Vera Axyonova (27/01/2012) Policy Brief
sgirolimetto/Flickr

Central Asia is a difficult region for the EU to promote its values. What measures could be taken to strengthen current assistance mechanisms?


Promises and hurdles in EU-Kazakhstan energy cooperation

By (07/11/2011) Other publications

Human security in Central Asia: can the EU help out?

By Sébastien Peyrouse (24/10/2011) Policy Brief
olaf kellerhoff/Flickr

The European Union is a security actor in Central Asia, although one of modest proportion. This does not dispense with the need for the EU to provide a better security narrative, especially in light of its growing emphasis on human security.


Go Gorno-Badakhshan

By Jos Boonstra (17/10/2011) Other publications

Central Asia on New Delhi's Geostrategic Radar

By Gauri Khandekar (10/10/2011) Other publications

Supporting Civil Society in Central Asia: What Approach for the EU?

By Vera Axyonova (12/09/2011) Other publications

Involving Central Asia in Afghanistan's future - what can Europe do?

By Marlène Laruelle (22/08/2011) Policy Brief

The EU argues in its Central Asia policy that it wants to take greater account of Afghanistan. But what does this mean in practice? Can the Central Asian states play a positive role in Afghanistan together with Western actors?


EU development ministers discuss approach to Central Asia

By Jos Boonstra, Jacqueline Hale (18/07/2011) Other publications

The SCO at ten: Time for Europe to engage?

By (11/07/2011) Other publications

El 15 de junio tuvo lugar en Astana, la capital de Kazajstán, la celebración del décimo aniversario de la Organización de Cooperación de Shanghai (SCO), para celebrar los logros conseguidos en la última década y presentar sus planes para el futuro. En contra de todas las predicciones, la OCS se ha convertido en los últimos diez años en una organización con una sólida estructura capaz de gestionar su colaboración en materia de seguridad, economía, transporte, ayuda en caso de catástrofe, cumplimiento de la ley, cultura, etc.


Kyrgyzstan: Balancing on the Verge of Stability

By Anna Matveeva (08/07/2011) Policy Brief
zz77/Flickr

Last year Kyrgyzstan went through a turbulent period of political transition and inter-ethnic violence. How durable is its current stability and what are the expectations for the presidential elections?


The EU's Rule of Law Initiative for Central Asia: From Initiative to More Substance?

By Martin Schuster (27/06/2011) Policy Brief
Alexander Nitsche/Flickr

All five Central Asian states are weak in terms of rule of law, good governance and democracy. The EU chose to devote specific attention to the rule of law through a regional initiative with Central Asian partners' participation. What is the current state of the initiative and is the EU on track?


Indirect fall-out from the June 2010 events in Kyrgyzstan: the case of Kara-Suu

By (20/06/2011) Other publications

Central Asian Islamism in the spotlight

By Marlène Laruelle (13/06/2011) Other publications

Is the EU-Central Asia Strategy running out of steam?

By Jos Boonstra (19/05/2011) Policy Brief

  

 

The EU’s Central Asia Strategy approaches its fourth anniversary. The EU's policy needs a closer link between security and development underpinned by a more clearly values-based approach.


International report on Kyrgyz June violence released

By (16/05/2011) Other publications

The 2010 OSCE Kazakhstan Chairmanship: Carrot Devoured, Results Missing

By Vladimir D. Shkolnikov (18/04/2011) Policy Brief
upyernoz/Flickr

What lessons can be learnt by the EU from the 2010 OSCE Kazakhstan chairmanship? Has the chairmanship furthered relations between the EU and Central Asia, did it result in domestic reform in Kazakhstan and what has been the effect of the chairmanship on the OSCE as an institution?


The EU-Central Asia Human Rights Dialogues: Making a Difference?

By Vera Axyonova (18/04/2011) Policy Brief
paral_lax/Flickr

Structured human rights dialogues are held with each of the five Central Asian republics. But is improvement in human rights noticeable in the region? This policy brief reviews and evaluates the dialogues to date and provides recommendations on what could be improved with regard to planning and procedures.


The EU's Interests in Central Asia: Integrating Energy, Security and Values into Coherent Policy

By Jos Boonstra (24/01/2011) Other publications

The European Union and Central Asia are increasingly becoming neighbours. Through the 2007 EU Strategy for Central Asia, Brussels has been stepping up engagement with the region on many policy areas.


The EU-Turkmenistan energy relationship: difficulty or opportunity?

By Jos Boonstra (04/10/2010) Other publications
AFP/Getty Images

How can the EU further its policy towards Turkmenistan and reconcile democratic values with energy interests?


Central Asia searches for a new international legal water order

By Stephen Hodgson (18/05/2010) Other publications

How should the water of the Central Asian rivers be used? This question has resulted in a security threat between upsteam and downstream countries. Is there a solution?


Into EurAsia Monitoring the EU's Central Asia Strategy -Summary

By Michael Emerson (24/02/2010) Other publications

This policy brief serves as a summary of the EUCAM report Into EurAsia – Monitoring the EU’s Central Asia Strategy.


Into EurAsia: Monitoring the EU's Central Asia Strategy

By Jos Boonstra, Michael Emerson (24/02/2010) Book

This report evaluates the way in which the Strategy for Central Asia forms part of the EU’s worldview, and suggests some courses of action for Europe in light of its new foreign policy responsibilities.

 


The EU-Central Asia Education Initiative

By Peter Jones (09/02/2010) Other publications

The EU Education Initiative for Central Asia aims to increase cooperation in the field of higher education and vocational education.


EU Assistance to Central Asia: Back to the Drawing Board?

By Jos Boonstra, Jacqueline Hale (28/01/2010) Other publications
AFP/Getty Images

European Union assistance in general and to Central Asia in particular is a complicated, many sided and fairly opaque business. Has the EU got its priorities right and can it make a positive impact in Central Asia through technical assistance?


Tajikistan: Revolutionary situation or a Resilient state?

By Anna Matveeva (12/01/2010) Other publications

Is Tajikistan’s stability at risk as a result of economic decline, energy shortages and it’s proximity to Afghanistan? What can the EU do to help this poor and troubled Central Asian state?


Studying Europe in Central Asia: The Case of Kyrgyzstan

By (16/11/2009) Other publications

Human Rights in Kazakhstan and Tajikistan: How realistic is to expect further results after an EU open debate with civil society?

By (31/08/2009) Other publications

Kazakhstan's grip on virtual reality

By (17/08/2009) Other publications

As the world considers how best to regulate the ‘virtual reality’ of online  information exchange and communication, Kazakhstan has taken a tough and clearly
disproportionate step to tighten its grip on the internet.


The Kyrgyz Republic Presidential Elections: No surprises but few opportunities for democratisation

By (03/08/2009) Other publications

Water and Energy Disputes of Central Asia: In search of regional solutions?

By (02/02/2009) Other publications


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